Texas Wage and Payroll Tax Facts

February 02, 2024

Having to comply with unique state taxes and wage laws can make processing payroll doubly daunting. Here’s everything you need to know about these rates and laws for the state of Texas.

The Lone Star State uses the same minimum wage rate required by the federal government, and there are currently no local minimum wage rates for any of its cities or counties. 

When it comes to processing payroll, Texas-based organizations must handle the following taxes in addition to those required by the federal government:

The below information was last updated January 30, 2024. It is not intended as legal or tax advice.

Texas Minimum Wage Rates

Wage Type

Texas Rates

Federal Rates

Minimum Wage



Tipped Minimum Wage



Actual Tip Credit



Texas State Income Tax (SIT) Rates

Texas is one of the few states that doesn't impose or collect a personal income tax.

Texas State Unemployment Insurance (SUI) Rates

SUI provides unemployment benefits to eligible workers who are unemployed through no fault of their own (as determined by state law) and meet the state’s eligibility requirements. However, in Texas, any employer with four or fewer employees may not be liable for this tax, so you must contact the state directly to verify your liability.

For employers who are liable, the overall SUI tax rate is based on the sum of five components:

  • General Tax Rate (GTR)
  • Replenishment Tax Rate (RTR)
  • Obligation Assessment Rate (OA)
  • Deficit Tax Rate (DTR)
  • Employment Training Investment Assessment (ETIA)

Texas SUI Tax Details

Taxable Wage Base


Employee Subject to Tax


Rates for Experienced Employers

0.25% – 6.25%

Rates for New Employers


Effective Period

Calendar Year

Voluntary Contributions Allowed

Yes; due by 60th day after date (annual experience rate notice is mailed to employer)


(three years of chargebacks ÷ three years of taxable wages) × 1.22%









Texas State Disability Insurance (SDI) Rates

SDI benefits are normally funded by employees through mandatory payroll deductions from each paycheck. Texas, however, doesn't require employers to collect an SDI tax, though employers can voluntarily opt to purchase a DI policy to limit legal liability.

Miscellaneous Texas Tax Information

Reciprocal Agreement(s)

Reciprocal agreements are when workers who live and work in different states are only required to pay taxes to the state where they live. Texas currently has no reciprocal agreements with any other states.

This doesn’t mean, however, that interstate workers living in Texas pay double. It’s federally illegal for two states to tax the same income. In most cases, the employee’s work state will credit or refund them at tax time based on the taxes they owe their home state. If the tax rates differ, the employee must cover the difference.

Paid Sick Leave (PSL) Taxes

The state of Texas doesn’t require employers to collect PSL taxes, nor does the state have a program providing such leave to employees.

Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML) Taxes

The state of Texas doesn’t require employers to collect PFML taxes, nor does the state have a program providing such leave to employees.

Texas Employer Registration

The Texas Workforce Commission can help with your state-based employer registration, including best practices, account numbers, and unemployment information.

Registration Details

Texas Workforce Commission


(512) 463-2731

Online Registration

TWC Unemployment Tax Registration

Registration Instructions

Account numbers will be issued during online registration or 2-3 weeks via mail.

Employer Self-Service Login

TWC Login Page

Additional Texas Payroll Tax Resources


This information is provided as a courtesy and may be updated at any time. It is not intended as legal or tax guidance. If you have questions or concerns, we encourage you to seek the advice of a qualified CPA, tax attorney, or advisor.


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