Vermont Income Taxes are Decreasing in 2019July 20, 2018 Alert
Vermont’s Governor allowed the budget bill to pass into law without his signature. The legislation creates a personal exemption of $4,150 for Vermont.
Vermont’s Governor Phil Scott allowed the budget bill to pass into law without his signature. The personal income tax changes in the budget, which are now Vermont law for the tax year 2018, are designed to closely match the effective tax rate in Vermont before the enactment of Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017.
Highlights of the Budget Bill
The legislation creates a personal exemption of $4,150 for Vermont. The standard deduction for single filers is set at $6,000, for heads of households at $9,000 and for joint filers at $12,000. This legislation also eliminates Vermont’s subtraction for itemized deductions. The marginal rates for personal income taxes are lowered almost by 0.2% and collapsed the two income tax brackets. The brackets and rates change from:
|Vermont Personal Income Tax Brackets|
The legislation also creates an exclusion of taxable social security benefits from the state taxation for joint filers with federal adjusted gross income of $60,000 or less, and for single filers with federally adjusted gross income of $45,000 or less, with phase-outs above those amounts. In addition, there is an increase in Vermont’s earned income tax credit from 32% of the federal credit to 26% of the federal tax credit.
Vermont Withholding Tables
The agency is not planning to update the 2017 withholding tables for 2018; there will be no update to match changes in the federal tables resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Employers should continue to use the 2017 tables for 2018.
The tables will be updated for 2019 and may look substantially different but the payroll outcomes should be similar to the current tables. The agency is currently working on publishing guidance specific to tax preparers with a detailed summary. Additional details of the budget bill can be found here. The Governor’s letter details elements of the budget bill and his reasons for passing this legislation without his signature.
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This information is provided as a courtesy, may change and is not intended as legal or tax guidance. Employers with questions or concerns outside the scope of a Payroll Service Provider are encouraged to seek the advice of a qualified CPA, Tax Attorney or Advisor.